Hebrews 7-10

Earlier I put a post about Melchizedek.  It will make Chapters 7 and 8 crystal clear if you read them before today’s read.

This book is from a Jew to a Jew, telling them not to be a JewRemember the audience.  Since Moses came down the Mountain from Mt. Siani, the Jewish people had a priesthood.  Telling them to throw everything they ever knew out the window was hard. So it would be for you and me too.

Verse 1-7- the explanation.  I felt like the author says these seven verses without taking a breath!  Justifying why the Levitical line did not matter today and ending in verse 7 with…there weren’t even Levites when this even happened!

Click here to print this:

Matthew Dowling: Jesus Christ, Melchizedek, and Hebrews 7:1-10

So let’s put one of the arguments on the table: Verse 11

11 If perfection could have been attained through the Levitical priesthood—and indeed the Law given to the people established that priesthood—why was there still need for another priest to come, one in the order of Melchizedek, not in the order of Aaron?

Let’s get the conversation out of the way about WHO Melchizedek is:

  • Melchizedek was king of Salem and priest of God Most High. 
  • He met Abraham returning from the defeat of the kings and blessed him, and Abraham gave him a tenth of everything.
  • The name Melchizedek means “king of righteousness.”
  • also, “king of Salem” means “king of peace.”
  • Without father or mother,
  • without genealogy, 
  • without beginning of days or end of life,
  • resembling the Son of God, 
  • he remains a priest forever.

So is Melchizedek a Typology or a Theophany?

  • A typology is a form of symbolism that is prophetic; for example, in Old Testament typology, people and objects may point to something yet to happen or someone (most often Jesus) who is yet to come.
  • A theophany or Christ is a physical appearance of God/Jesus to a human being.
    • Non-human form (like the burning bush)
    • Human form (like when Jacob wrestled with the man in Peniel)
    • Angel form (Angel of the Lord)

I could argue both if I was on a debate team, but I have an opinion of my own.  Do you think typology or theophany?  I have heard many defend their side and love hearing it.

Back to Hebrews 7 😁

Why do we need a NEW Priesthood??

  1. 12 For when the priesthood is changed, the Law must also be changed. (It was Changed.  From External Law to Internal Law, written on our hearts)
  2. 16 one who has become a priest not on the basis of a regulation as to his ancestry but on the basis of the power of an indestructible life
  3. .18 The former regulation is set aside because it was weak and useless 19 (for the Law made nothing perfect), and a better hope is introduced,
  4. 20 And it was not without an oath! Others became priests without any oath, 21 but he became a priest with an oath when God said to him:

“The Lord has sworn
    and will not change his mind:
    ‘You are a priest forever.’

25 Therefore he is able to save completely those who come to God through him, because he always lives to intercede for them.

Jesus as High Priest:

  • one who is holy,
  • blameless,
  • pure,
  • set apart from sinners,
  • exalted above the heavens.
  • He does not need to offer sacrifices day after day (first for his own sins and then for the people’s sins).
  • He sacrificed for their sins once for all when he offered himself. 28 For the Law appoints as high priests men in all their weakness; but the oath, which came after the Law, appointed the Son, who has been made perfect forever.

Chapter 8 is AMAZING.  Can I cut and paste the whole thing right here to underline and bold my favorite parts??  Ok, I won’t, BUT I have to do at least one!

I will start with the last verse:

13 By calling this covenant “new,” he has made the first one obsolete; and what is obsolete and outdated will soon disappear.

Now back to verse 8:

“The days are coming, declares the Lord,
    when I will make a new covenant
with the people of Israel
    and with the people of Judah.
It will not be like the covenant
    I made with their ancestors

when I took them by the hand
    to lead them out of Egypt,

This reminds me of Matthew 17 Neither do people pour new wine into old wineskins. If they do, the skins will burst; the wine will run out, and the wineskins will be ruined. No, they pour new wine into new wineskins, and both are preserved.”

Chapter 9 and 10: Now the first covenant had regulations for worship and also an earthly sanctuary. A tabernacle was set up.”

Do you miss the OT as much as I do? (I mean studying it, I don’t want to be under the Law)😂

Peeling away the south wall to look inside Holy PlaceMost Holy Place

The Tabernacle was just a foreshadow of Christ.  That is why the blueprint was set up like a Cross.  Not just the furniture inside the Tabernacle, but the arrangement of the tribes by population.

Three Crosses In The Midst Of God's People: A Look At The Tabernacle Of God – Truth Ignited Blogs

The Tabernacle/Temple worship has been fulfilled!

11 Day after day every priest stands and performs his religious duties; again and again he offers the same sacrifices, which can never take away sins. 12 But when this priest had offered for all time one sacrifice for sins, he sat down at the right hand of God, 13 and since that time he waits for his enemies to be made his footstool. 14 For by one sacrifice he has made perfect forever those who are being made holy.

18 And where these have been forgiven, sacrifice for sin is no longer necessary.

Let’s clarify a point:  Levitical sacrifices in the OT did not take away sins.  However, the faith that the sacrifice was an atonement (a covering) did.  Both Covenants relied on faith.  However, the Old Covenant was temporary and required continual sacrifice.  Salvation is the same before the Cross and After.  Your sin was covered by FAITH that the shedding of blood from something innocent covered your sin.

The New Covenant fulfilled all the rituals and regulations of the Law.  The Perfect Sacrifice was made to cover the sin of those with faith, but it was done once and for all!

To reject the sacrifice in both the old and the new systems leads to death.

26 If we deliberately keep on sinning after we have received the knowledge of the truth, no sacrifice for sins is left, 27 but only a fearful expectation of judgment and of raging fire that will consume the enemies of God. 28 Anyone who rejected the Law of Moses died without mercy on the testimony of two or three witnesses. 2How much more severely do you think someone deserves to be punished who has trampled the Son of God underfoot, who has treated as an unholy thing the blood of the covenant that sanctified them, and who has insulted the Spirit of grace? 30 For we know him who said, “It is mine to avenge; I will repay,” and again, “The Lord will judge his people.” 31 It is a dreadful thing to fall into the hands of the living God.

This is a very serious passage!  A reality check!✅

9 days left


Post #1- Melchizedek

Think of this post as a movie trailer for Chapters 7 and 8.  I will give the background to the mysterious chapter 7 of Hebrews (because we are human and curious), but the whole time the focus is not on Melchizedek; it is on the Lord.

Genesis 14- (Oh, how I wish we could now go back and reread the entire Bible…the gems we would see now)

Background: Before Genesis 14, Abram (Abraham) left his home and headed to Canaan (obeying the Lord).  He took with him his nephew Lot.  They had too many possessions, and to avoid arguments, they split the company.  Lot, being young and wild, headed towards the region of Sodom, the party town.

Genesis 13 Bible Pictures: Abram with his nephew Lot | Bible pictures, Abraham and lot, Bible

In the meantime, rulers and kings were fighting for land called.  For about 12 years, 4 kings:—Elam, Shinar, Ellasar, and Goiim—had ruled in and around Canaan. Finally, the five kings of Sodom, Gomorrah, Admah, Zeboiim, and Zoar have gathered their forces to stand against the eastern kings.  To make a long story short (too late), the 5 kings defeated the 4 kings.  HOWEVER, Lot got swept up in the plunder in all the chaos.

A survivor comes and tells Abram what has happened. Then, without hesitation, Abram—who is more than seventy-five years old, gathers a mere 318 men trained for the battle to save Lot.

What could Abram’s small army do against this force that had conquered all in their path without a loss? With God’s help, they could win. They do so in one night! Abram’s forces chase down the enemy and retrieve Lot, all of his possessions, and everything else the eastern kings had plundered along the way.

As Abram returns home, two kings come out to meet him.

  • One is the king of Sodom (Genesis 13:13), who survived the battle.
  • The other is a mysterious figure identified as Melchizedek, the king of Salem and priest of God Most High.
    • Melchizedek, whose name means “king of righteousness,” was a king of Salem (Jerusalem) (Peace) and priest of the Most High God.
    • Melchizedek brings Abram bread and wine and a blessing from God.
    • Abram immediately responds by giving ten percent of all the plunder to God’s priest.
    • Melchizedek is both a High Priest AND a King.

Why are we talking about Melchizaeke in Genesis, and why does he get a whole chapter in Hebrews? (chapter 7)

Read part of Genesis 14: (Click here to read the chapter…it’s so good)

17 After Abram returned from defeating Kedorlaomer and the kings allied with him, the king of Sodom came out to meet him in the Valley of Shaveh (that is, the King’s Valley).

18 Then Melchizedek, king of Salem, brought out bread and wine. He was the priest of God Most High, 19 and he blessed Abram, saying,

“Blessed be Abram by God Most High,
    Creator of heaven and earth.
20 And praise be to God Most High,
    who delivered your enemies into your hand.”

Then Abram gave him a tenth of everything.

Who Assumed Melchizedek's Priesthood? - TheTorah.com

The LAST scripture in yesterday’s read (Hebrews 6) was: He (Jesus) has become a high priest forever, in the order of Melchizedek.

Here are what we know and some questions…

  • The priests in the Old Testament come from the line of Levi (Melchizadek does not)
  • The High Priest comes from Aaron’s (Moses’ brother) descendants (Melchizadek does not)
  • If God put the Levitical priesthood in place- why would we need a Priest from a different order?
  • Was the old order weak and flawed?
  • Finally, who is this guy??