Obadiah and Psalm 82-83

Edom was a well-established nation way before the Israelites were.  The Edomites denied them a passage route in Numbers, however, the two nations co-existed for a long time, even during the reign of Saul.  David battled with them and defeated them (God defeated them) in 2 Samuel 8 but they grew to a large nation again.  The other day I said I skimmed over a passage but we would come back to it: 2 Chronicles 8:

In the time of Jehoram, Edom rebelled against Judah and set up its own king. So Jehoram went there with his officers and all his chariots. The Edomites surrounded him and his chariot commanders, but he rose up and broke through by night. 10 To this day Edom has been in rebellion against Judah.

V.1-4 helps give us the imagery of Edom.  They were prideful in their settlement because they sat above any enemies.  Anyone who attacked them did not stand a chance.  (except the Lord!)


v.5-9 describes the judgment compared to robbers or grape pickers.  Both took what they could carry or wanted.  However,  God’s judgment will look different on Edom: It will be ransacked!! (Esau and Edom are used interchangeably in the read.)

v.10-14 is the “why”.  Note that the indictment is harsh because their sins were committed against their “brother”-Jacob is Israel.

v.15-21-A universal judgment is given and this can also be viewed as “futuristic” for end times as well.

An eye for an eye….you reap what you sow….but it can all go back to the covenant with Abraham too:(Genesis 12:3)

I will bless those who bless you,
    and whoever curses you I will curse;

So read this in the context it was written referring to Edom, however, once I knew this book was about God bringing justice on a nation that thought they were untouchable, filled with Pride, and did not follow the laws of the Lord, I read it as it will be applied TODAY on current countries.

“The day of the Lord is near
for all nations.
As you have done, it will be done to you;
your deeds will return upon your own head.

Psalm 82-83

Psalm 82-if you read it once you may need to re-read it after this.  In Psalm 82 God refers to the people on earth that have been set in a position to judge as ‘gods’.  Those officials who on earth are here to not pervert justice and be the law keepers according to God’s scriptures.  In the Gospel, as the Jews are unjustly accusing Jesus in John 10, and pervert justice to have Jesus stoned he QUOTES THIS PSALM!

3Again his Jewish opponents picked up stones to stone him, 32 but Jesus said to them, “I have shown you many good works from the Father. For which of these do you stone me?”

33 “We are not stoning you for any good work,” they replied, “but for blasphemy, because you, a mere man, claim to be God.”

34 Jesus answered them, “Is it not written in your Law, ‘I have said you are “gods”? 35 If he called them ‘gods,’ to whom the word of God came—and Scripture cannot be set aside— 36 what about the one whom the Father set apart as his very own and sent into the world? Why then do you accuse me of blasphemy because I said, ‘I am God’s Son’? 37 Do not believe me unless I do the works of my Father. 

Psalm 83-

Let them know that you, whose name is the Lord
    that you alone are the Most High over all the earth.

Obadiah Overview for tomorrow

  • Fun Fact: Obadiah, the shortest book in the Bible.
  • Obadiah means ‘servant of the Lord’.
  • Obadiah was speaking of the doom of Edom.

So who are the people of Edom? When did the “fighting” begin between the Edomites and the Israelites? Actually Genesis 25:19-

“Isaac prayed to the Lord on behalf of his wife, because she was childless. The Lord answered his prayer, and his wife Rebekah became pregnant. 22 The babies jostled each other within her, and she said, “Why is this happening to me?” 

Ever since they shared a womb! The people of Edom were the descendants of Esau.  Esau (Edomites) and Jacob (Israelites).   The Edomites never passed up an opportunity to attack or invade God’s people.  This 21 verse book will predict that the Edomites will be destroyed forever.  And so it has been.  There are two themes in this short book:  Justice and Pride.

As we just read the Psalms and Proverbs we recall that God countlessly reminds us that He will eventually bring justice, in His timing.  As far as pride, the capital of Edom was Petra.  Petra was a rocky mountainside just south of the dead sea.

Dinhabah - Wikipedia

The Edomites would attack enemies and then retreat to this city that was virtually impregnable (I like using that word…makes me sound smart 🙂 ) because of its topography.  Built on the cliff of a Red mountain (I find it ironic that it was red because Esau in Hebrew meant “red”.) So they were very confident and prideful that they could attack any nation and never be attacked back.  Here is a picture of Petra.  The Book of Obadiah, a message from the Lord addressed to them to pronounce their destruction once and for all.


Meyers Study Bible Obadiah