Titus Overview

This is a letter written to a church leader named Titus, a Gentile convert of Paul. It appears Paul and Titus took a mission trip to Crete around AD 62—64. Paul later left, with Titus remaining on the island as a church leader.

Paul sends this letter with Zenas and Apollos. It encourages Titus to select church leaders for local house churches, deal with offenders in the church, and give directions regarding certain church practices.

This short but amazing letter includes the

  • proper behavior of Christians (I better sit down for this one)
  • submission to the government (you better sit down for this one 😁)
  • proper treatment for people,
  • and responses to false teachers

Most importantly, he encourages good works.

1 Timothy

Chapter 1

The goal of this command is love, which comes from a pure heart and a good conscience, and a sincere faith.

What a wonderful scripture on the heels of correcting false teachings.

We know that the law is good if one uses it properly.

So when is it used properly?   It is not used for salvation teaching; it is used to show that we are sinners.  No one reads the law and says, “yup, I’m good.”  We read the law to shine the light that we are not good.

Christ Jesus came into the world to save sinners—of whom I am the worst. 16 But for that very reason I was shown mercy so that in me, the worst of sinners, Christ Jesus might display his immense patience as an example for those who would believe in him and receive eternal life. 

Tears just came to my eyes.

Chapter 2-  Why is he addressing men and women separately?

At the time, men were literally “fighting” issues.  To the point of fistfights. Therefore, I want the men everywhere to pray, lifting up holy hands without anger or disputing.

There was also a movement called “the new Roman woman.”

The Frigidarium' . From International Art: Past and Present by Alfred Yockney. [Virtue & Company, London, circa 1915]. Artist Sir Lawrence...

As women grew independent of men, they began to have elegant, sexy hairstyles, jewelry, and “self-promoting” wardrobes.  Paul invites women to keep Christan virtues. However, a sect of women preached to rid themselves of domestic obligations, interpreting scripture, and contradicting Paul’s teachings.  Paul compares such women to Eve, who listened to Satan.

Chapter 3

Church leadership had become a problem in Ephesus.  Charges were brought against church officers, fights broke out, and men all wanted to be “in charge” for self-promoting reasons.  Paul lays out the characteristics of an Overseer for a church, so they are aware they are held to a higher standard:

  • is to be above reproach,
  • faithful to his wife,
  • temperate,
  • self-controlled,
  • respectable,
  • hospitable,
  • able to teach,
  • not given to drunkenness, 
  • not violent but gentle,
  • not quarrelsome, 
  • not a lover of money.
  • He must manage his own family well and see that his children obey him
  • He must not be a recent convert (needs spiritual maturity)
  • He must also have a good reputation with outsiders

Deacons under them: 

  •  are to be worthy of respect,
  • sincere,
  • not indulging in much wine,
  • not pursuing dishonest gain
  • they must keep hold of the profound truths of the faith with a clear conscience. 
  • They must first be tested, and then if there is nothing against them, let them serve as deacons.
  • He must be faithful to his wife
  • and manage his children and his household well. 

This is all spelled out for Timothy, who is his protege while he is in Prison

14 Although I hope to come to you soon, I am writing you these instructions so that, 15 if I am delayed, you will know how people ought to conduct themselves in God’s household, which is the Church of the living God, the pillar and foundation of the truth.

Chapter 4

Paul prepares Timothy for spiritual warfare.  One scripture popped out at me:

Have nothing to do with godless myths and old wives’ tales; rather, train yourself to be godly.

I grew up in an Italian family.  Steeped in superstition, “saint” worship, traditions (not commemorative), and false teaching.  To this day, if I showed my mom that scripture, I would hear, “Well, that is how I was raised.”  Sadly, she has never seen or read a Bible and has no desire because she was raised on old wives’ tales, which are “truth” to her.

16 Watch your life and doctrine closely. Persevere in them because if you do, you will save both yourself and your hearers.

Chapter 5

Throughout the OT, widows were always cared for.  I remember how in the book of Ruth, Boaz gave instruction to leave the edge of the crops fields unharvested so women could come and glean the extra.    Widows were to be cared for by the Church. However, it is a family obligation first (if they have one).  Back in Matthew 15, Jesus called the Pharisees Hypocrites for not honoring their mother and father.  Their “loophole” was Corban.

“Corban”- Whatever money might have been used to provide for aging parents could be dedicated to the temple treasury instead (BUT you can keep it in your wallet and use it if you needed). Saying, “It is Corban,” would exempt a person from his responsibility to his parents. 

Elders of the Church should be treated fairly.  The Church should care for them:

“Do not muzzle an ox while it is treading out the grain.” (They have to eat too!!)

But…Paul also sets down the rules when they are not living a Christian life either as leaders of the Church.

Stop drinking only water, and use a little wine because of your stomach and your frequent illnesses

Oh, I bet this has been taken out of context many times:

Don't flip out, it's just a game | The Journal

This is not a “red solo cup, I lift you up” moment.

Timothy was ill.  It is suspected that the water was the cause of it.  It usually was, and many people died of dysentery.

This week at work, I have been talking about “Contenement” a lot.  Then it was in yesterday’s scripture.  Then today, I read:

But godliness with contentment is great gain. For we brought nothing into the world, and we can take nothing out of it. But if we have food and clothing, we will be content with that. Those who want to get rich fall into temptation and a trap and into many foolish and harmful desires that plunge people into ruin and destruction. 10 For the love of money is a root of all kinds of evil. Some people, eager for money, have wandered from the faith and pierced themselves with many griefs.