Leviticus 22-23

Chapter 22 continued from 21 (why do they do that??)

Years ago at Church, our pastor told a story about a woman who had an old frozen turkey in her freezer.  She called the 800 number on the package and asked the company if the turkey was still safe to eat.  The company said it was safe to eat but probably wouldn’t taste great anymore being freezer burned.  So she donated it to a food bank for less fortunate people (in her heart she was doing something good).    I remember sitting in church crushed when I heard this.  I was the characteristic of the woman.  When a tragedy happens locally and we are asked to help out, I would go through my “gently used” items that I did not wear anymore.  What??  God gave us His son as a sacrifice! and I am giving back to God my ‘goodwill’ pile?  I am not telling you this to beat you up, but I wanted to share how the Holy Spirit uses books like Leviticus to remind me that we are to present our very best in the name of the Lord (in everything we do).

Chapter 23:  Here are 3 visuals.  Pick the one that fits your brain. 😂

JP 3-2-16 img2

The Israelites observed a lunar year, which contains 354 days. Lunar months have 29 and 30 days alternately, and begin with the appearance of the “new moon.”

Sabbath: a weekly observance (“appointed time”), in contrast to the other “convocations” that occurred only once a year. The Israelites did not assemble around the tabernacle but observed the day in their own tent.

Mark 2:27-28  Then he said to them, the Sabbath was made for man, not man for the Sabbath. 28 So the Son of Man is Lord even of the Sabbath.”

Passover and Unleavened Bread:  Verse 4 introduces the annual “appointed times”.  The Sabbath could be observed anywhere,  even at home. Three special occasions required attendance at the sanctuary for participation.  Passover: commemorated God’s deliverance of Israel from Egyptian slavery. (Exodus 12)  Jesus died as the Lamb ON Passover Day.  That is AMAZING! Passover was one of the three feasts that all the adult males in Israel had to attend, along with the feasts of Pentecost and Tabernacles.  These three feasts remind us of the death of Christ, the resurrection of Christ, and the return of Christ.

Unleavened Bread: The day after the Passover marked the beginning of the seven-day “Feast of Unleavened Bread”.

If you have read a Gospel book ( I never make an assumption…there was a time I would have said “Uhh nope”.  But picture in your head the Feast of the Passover.  Large crowds.  As they all assemble from nations, Jesus dies on the Cross in front of a multitude of people.   THEN because of the 7 day Feast of the Unleavened Bread, they will STILL be in town for the resurrection.  God has it ALL planned out (for His Glory)

Offering the first fruits: The day following Passover’s Sabbath was a time to give the first fruits of the harvest to God. The idea was to dedicate the first ripened stalks of grain to God, in anticipation of a greater harvest to come.  Firstfruits Patricia…not your goodwill pile!

The Festival if Weeks: This festival had several names: “Harvest,” “Weeks”, “Firstfruits,” and “Pentecost”. Fifty days after Passover, namely: the day after the end of the seventh week. “Pentecost” means “fiftieth” day. This “feast” was a thanksgiving festival, and it lasted one day. The people offered God their “first fruits” of the spring harvest, as a thanks offering for His provision of their physical and spiritual needs.  PLEASE see how awesome God is.  So in this difficult book of Leviticus are some of the coolest gems!!  God put a festival on the calendar that required “public assembly” so many people from all over the world (for first-time readers know that after being exiled out of their land God scatters His people…with a purpose) would be required to gather SO THAT 50 days after the Passover people from many countries would be gathered to witness the pouring out of the Holy Spirit and then return to their homes and spread the Good News!!

Drop Mic!! 🎤

Before we go any further…are you seeing the 7’s.   This whole book was filled with them, even the various laws were grouped by 7 or 7×2 or 7×3.. BUT this one is too cool not to point out. During the seventh month of Israel’s religious calendar, three “holy convocations” took place. Not only was the seventh day special (v. 3), but so were the seventh week (vv. 15-22), the seventh month, the seventh year (25:1-7), and the forty-ninth (seven times seven) year (25:8-55).

The festival of Trumpets: The Feast of Trumpets began on the first day (at the new moon) of the seventh month. It is also called Rosh Hashanah, which means “Head of the Year,” because it marks the beginning of the Jewish civil calendar. During this celebration, no kind of work was to be performed, but burnt offerings and a sin offering were to be brought before the Lord.   The blowing of the trumpets on the first day of the month heralded a solemn time of preparation for the Day of Atonement; this preparation time was called “Ten Days of Repentance” or the “Days of Awe.”

Day of Atonement.  We covered this, but if you are jumping in go back to Ch 16.  But take a look at the charts and see how this is will be fulfilled. This day will be the Second Coming of Christ.

 The Festival of Tabernacles: During this convocation, the Israelites’ looked back to the land of their slavery, and forward to the Promised Land of blessing. Its other names were the “Feast of Booths” and the “Feast of Ingathering”.   The Jewish people call it Sukkot. The people built booths out of branches, and lived under these for the duration of this eight-day festival, as a reminder of their life in the wilderness.  It was the only festival in which God commanded the Israelites to “rejoice,” and it revolved around the harvest of grapes and other agriculture. God designed this feast primarily as a time of anticipation, not just reflection. Similarly, our worship as Christians should include the element of anticipation, as we look forward to entering into all of what God has promised us in the future.  (Look at your chart)

Spoiler Alert:  You would think they would obverse these Festivals right??  If you have the time,  read Nehemiah 8.  

The cliff notes are:

  • Nehemiah has the Book of the Law in his hands. 
  • He reads this chapter to the Israelites. 
  • The WEEP because it was new news to them! 
  • Nehemiah 8:17- The whole company that had returned from exile built temporary shelters and lived in them. From the days of Joshua son of Nun until that day, the Israelites had not celebrated it like this. And their joy was very great.
  • ☹️

Leviticus does not mention the “Feast of Purim”, which the Jewish people added to their calendar later (Esther) and the  “Feast of Dedication” (Hanukkah).  I cannot wait to talk about those!

8 thoughts on “Leviticus 22-23

    1. It gives you credit when you tell friends that reading the OT really is worth it. The NT refers to the OT about 900 times. More importantly, when friends say “The OT” doesn’t pertain to us…” you can say well actually…❤️


  1. It’s helpful to keep seeing the Feasts outlined. When I read them, I’m often overlooking the significance it would have had in that “everything” revolved around these times. They wouldn’t have studied the Feasts, as I am so poorly doing. They lived them. Gosh…that feels like I’ve missed their entire heritage and an understanding of why God did these things. We should’ve learned of the Feasts in preschool…and here I am at age 46. Just beginning…

    Liked by 2 people

  2. I was also struck by your mention of the festivals with required attendance. Imagine if I had decided to skip the year that Jesus was crucified, resurrected and the Holy Spirit came! What are we missing when we decide that church attendance is not necessary?

    Liked by 1 person

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