1 Chronicles 3-5

This is a VERY visual read.  I recommend listening to it while you follow the charts.  I will attach a “listen to here in a minute”.  Look at the visuals first to get your bearings:

If the focus of this book is DAVID as the Covenant Line that will bring the Messiah, look at the top—Jesse.  Does Jesse ring a bell?  Kind of? (It is ok to say NO, we are taking in SO MUCH INFORMATION THIS YEAR).  You can find him on many of the handouts so far, but here is the cool answer: Remember back in Genesis, Judah went and slept with what he thought was a town prostitute (it was really his widowed daughter in law, Tamar) and did not have any money so he gave her the “Scarlet Cord”.  At the time I talked about following that scarlet cord to Jesus…so in today’s read we begin with the sons of David, but it is important to see verse 9,  TAMAR (a female) is mentioned. You may recall the name Jesse from the end of the book of Ruth too.

Image result for biblia jesse padre de david | Bible family tree ...

Now look below, if you want to print it… click here.  You should be able to recognize Jesse and David so far.  Do you remember the ‘wife swap’ issue (Michal) with King Saul (left side of the chart).  As we read I want you to follow David—Solomon—-Rehoboam. So cool!  Pause it when you need to find your spot on the visual.  Click here to listen.

Staring in verse 10:

The Kings of Judah (If you have never read 1 and 2 Kings…here is the movie trailer). The 12 tribes of Israel are going to divide (like a civil war). Judah verse Israel.

10 Solomon’s son was Rehoboam…

Now look at the line of Rehoboam (left side)

Chart of the kings of Judah and Israel | NathanRichardson.com | Bible timeline, Scripture mastery, Scripture study lds

I will stop the visual line here but notice that 17 says:

17 The descendants of Jehoiachin the captive:

Verse 17-34: the descendants during a time when the nation will be taken as captives.  What??? 

Suddenly we have Jabez and his prayer:



In chapter 4 it is not surprising we find a short genealogy of Simeon.  Simeon wasn’t supposed to receive land (from when he avenged Dinah’s rape with the massacre at the circumcision). But Judah let them have some of their land. Look familiar?

Map of the Promised Land

But in Judges, Simeon cooperated with Judah so they sort of became one tribe for a while.

Chapter 5: Look at the map above again.  We now read about the 2 1/2 tribes on the east side of the Jordan River “Transjordan Tribes”. Reuben, Gad, and 1/2 of Manasseh all have genealogies listed.

I should have addressed this earlier (sorry).  If the author of this book is possibly Ezra, who is he and why is he writing this book?  Look at this timeline: Found on Bing from www.pinterest.com | Bible timeline, Bible for kids, Bible lessons

Look at 1000 BC.  After the Temple is built the nation is going to split as mentioned earlier.  Jeroboam and Rehoboam will be the first “divided kingdom”. The nations will be called “Israel” and “Judah”. Now, look at the last line: 482 BC- Ezra.  He is writing this AFTER the EXILE (the captivity).  He writes the Chronicles to show the genealogy of those who return to rebuild the temple.  So will he write about the line that does not return? No.   (Think of the issues we have regarding the Civil War monuments). Does that make sense?

25 But they were unfaithful to the God of their ancestors and prostituted themselves to the gods of the peoples of the land, whom God had destroyed before them. 26 So the God of Israel stirred up the spirit of Pul king of Assyria (that is, Tiglath-Pileser king of Assyria), who took the Reubenites, the Gadites and the half-tribe of Manasseh into exile. He took them to Halah, Habor, Hara and the river of Gozan, where they are to this day.

Only half of the divided kingdom will survive the Exile.  The line with the Covenant to Judah (The messianic line). Judah.

If you are confused, just keep going…it will all make sense when you do your 2nd read through one day. 🤪.   This book is written in hindsight.

Don’t forget your Jabaz assignment!

7 thoughts on “1 Chronicles 3-5

  1. It’s been a while since I researched the prayer of Jabez. I think it’s fascinating that tucked in the middle of the genealogies is a prayer from Jabez. Jabez seems to come out of nowhere, pray a big prayer, and God answered with a yes.

    Liked by 1 person

  2. Jabez was labeled from the beginning because of his birth. Perhaps he wore that label out loud like people wear the labels they feel they have been given or “earned” because of their parents choices, where they are from, what people say about them, etc. Maybe he never really believed it. But this prayer of his is saved in the middle of this very important genealogy. We know that we are way more than our labels, but it’s good to know it was a problem then, too. I just wonder – did he battle that all of his life?

    Liked by 2 people

  3. Jabez being mentioned in the lineage of Judah…I think this begins to show us the faithfulness of God to those who seek Him earnestly. I love the “if only” beginning of the prayer. God always gives us more than we know to ask. I’m sure Jabez’s life is a wonderful display of glorious riches untold.

    Liked by 1 person

  4. It’s interesting my husband mentioned it in his sermon today…they made a book…prayer of Jabez for teens…for wives…for clowns. 😊 jokes arise. The prayer of Jabez (name of sorrow) overcame the name of Jabez.

    Liked by 1 person

  5. I love how Jabez was labeled…yet he didn’t let that define him. He sought Gods will, asked for favor, and God saw his faithful prayers and answered. This verse was scripted by a local artist and hung in my cupcake shop…we grew from 1-3 shops in less than 2 years, and then I hand carried that canvas to Africa with me, to hang on the wall in our house, while we did ministry there, too. It’s still there to this day ♥️


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