Deuteronomy Overview for tomorrow

IF you are behind….THIS IS YOUR OPPORTUNITY to START OVER.  Tomorrow we begin Deuteronomy! If you cannot wait,  start tonight! Click here.

Deuteronomy in Hebrew is ‘Elleh Haddebarim meaning “These Are the Words”.  The Greek translation to English is “Second Law”.  The entire generation that fled Egypt in the Exodus has died except 3 people: Moses, Joshua, and Caleb. Moses’s brother and sister just died this year, and before the year is over Moses will too, leaving only Joshua and Caleb.

Moses will retell the first 4 books.  (So if you are behind, JUMP IN HERE).

Deuteronomy is referenced 350 times in the Bible!  The New Testament alone will refer to it 95 times!

Deuteronomy can be broken into 3 sections:

  1. A review of the past- Chapter 1-4
  2. Requirements for the present -Chapters 5-26 
  3. Readiness for the future-Chapters 27-34

Another breakdown could be:

  • Chapters 1:1-4:43 Moses will teach the new generation the History of their people
  • Chapters 4:44-28:68 Moses will explain the Law to them
  • CHapters 29:1-30:20 Moses will renew the Covenant.
  • Chapters 30:1-34:12 Moses will hand his leadership to Joshua.

It is called “the second” law since it will all be repeated.  Can I just say it is going to be so cool for those who have kept up with the schedule to say “hey, I know what Moses is talking about!”  or “hey, that is still confusing, I am going to ask about it in comments!”.  Listen, we are taking so much in, it is like drinking from a fire hydrant, and between the maps, the genealogies, the foreshadowing, the pace, this is like we are taking a college course.  ASK questions.

Moses is such a faithful servant to the Lord, he makes THREE speeches to the new generation knowing the entire time that his lack of obedience (with the water incident) has already cost him his entry into the Land.

The first 4 books of the Bible are about God choosing His people.  

This book is about His people choosing God. 

Deuteronomy will end with the death of Moses 😢.  The last scriptures will be:

“Since then, no prophet has risen in Israel like Moses, whom the Lord knew face to face, who did all those signs and wonders the Lord sent him to do in Egypt—to Pharaoh and to all his officials and to his whole land.  For no one has ever shown the mighty power or performed the awesome deeds that Moses did in the sight of all Israel.


Numbers 35-36 The End

The Levite tribe, which makes its basic living from tithes and offerings for service to God, will not receive territories like the other tribes,  However, the other tribes were to give the Levites 48 towns surrounded by pastures.  This unified the Israelites under one God by distributing the priests among them.

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Six of the towns, 3 on each side to the Jordan were designated as cities of refuge.  People that killed a person accidentally could flee to one of these cities for a fair trial.  If the person was found that it was “accidental” they could stay in the town until the High Priest died and then could return home.  However, if the person was found guilty of murder they would be executed.

So what’s with the High Priest death you ask?  Good question!  The death of the high priest atoned for the sins of the person who killed someone. The death of the High Priest, therefore, had an atoning value like animal sacrifice did.

Click here for a handout.(But you probably won’t need it)

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A verse worth underlining in your Bible is:

30 “‘Anyone who kills a person is to be put to death as a murderer only on the testimony of witnesses. But no one is to be put to death on the testimony of only one witness.

Why am I bringing this up?  Another good question!  You have lots of good questions today.  Two witnesses are needed to put someone to death:

Matthew 26:  Jesus’ on Trial

59 The chief priests and the whole Sanhedrin were looking for false evidence against Jesus so that they could put him to death. 60 But they did not find any, though many false witnesses came forward.

Finally, two came forward 61 and declared, “This fellow said, ‘I am able to destroy the temple of God and rebuild it in three days.’”

That’s all they needed ☹️

Chapter 36

Inheritance of Zelophehad’s daughters.  So if you decided to jump in here is the recap from Numbers 27:

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When a man had no sons, his daughters would divide his property. If he had neither sons nor daughters,  brothers, or uncles, then the father’s nearest relative would receive the inheritance. In chapter 36,  the Lord placed a restriction on daughters who inherited their father’s estate. They had to marry within their own tribe, in order to keep the inheritance within that tribe, just as it would have remained if the father had had sons.

So now what?  The last scripture is: 13 These are the commands and regulations the Lord gave through Moses to the Israelites on the plains of Moab by the Jordan across from Jericho.

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Should we send this next generation in? Or should we teach them the past, present, and future of God’s Promises?