Numbers 3-4

The Levites:

The tribe of Levi was set apart from the other tribes. They are to become the Priests:

They are to perform duties for him and for the whole community at the tent of meeting by doing the work of the tabernacle.

Let’s start out with a Trivia Question:  Look below.  Who were the black triangles and why are they not there now? (meaning what did they do)

Hebrew Lineage Organization

 

God exempted the Levites from the military. He did this because He chose the whole tribe to assist the priests, Aaron’s “family” within the tribe of Levi, in the service of the Tabernacle.

The tabernacle responsibilities of each group were as follows:

  • Gershonites-curtains and coverings
  • Kohathites-furniture and utensils
  • Merarites- boards and bars

A prominent emphasis in this book appears again at the end of this chapter:  Moses carried out the Lord’s commands exactly. (for now!)

Short Post!  Nice!!!  Have a great day.   Wash your hands… a terrible stomach bug going around this week.  All 3 of my kids have it. That’s why I am posting at 2:15 a.m. ☹️

Numbers 1-2

This is a quick easy read.  If you do the audio, it is only 10 mins.  This is the one time I am going to say the blog is worth reading though.  So cool!

My hope is that when you read these chapters they actually make some sense.  We know these are Jacob’s sons.  He has 12 sons.  Jacob’s name is changed to Israel: so we now know where the phrase “the 12 tribes of Israel” comes from.

  • from Reuben
  • from Simeon
  • from Judah
  •  from Issachar
  • from Zebulun
  •  from the sons of Joseph:
      • from Ephraim
      • from Manasseh
  •  from Benjamin
  •  from Dan
  •  from Asher
  • from Gad
  •  from Naphtali

Joseph is split Ephraim and Manasseh to replace the tribe of Levi that will not be in the fighting census.  (Which is their loss if you remember how ruthless the Levites were in the past). Trivia:  What 2 events am I referring to?

The Levites (the Priesthood) however have a special role.

47 The ancestral tribe of the Levites, however, was not counted along with the others. 48 The Lord had said to Moses: 49 “You must not count the tribe of Levi or include them in the census of the other Israelites. 50 Instead, appoint the Levites to be in charge of the tabernacle of the covenant law—over all its furnishings and everything belonging to it. 


Chapter 2- Tribal arrangement.  Ready for this!!!!

If you took a piece of paper and drew the ark in the middle (God).  Of course, you need a compass rose for direction in the corner of your drawing.  Now write the tribes and the numbers as dictated.

The ENTRANCE of the Tabernacle is EAST.  The ONLY way to enter God’s presence is through Jesus.  Jesus is born from the Tribe of Judah.  So which tribe will be arranged in the East?  JUDAH.

The Camp of Israel

WAIT FOR IT!!!!  🤯 2 MIllion People are on the move.  They need to stay organized.  The largest tribe on each side would hold up a flag (like at kids camp). The largest tribes on each side are (and their Flag logo:

  • Judah-Lion
  • Rueben-Man
  • Ephraim-Ox
  • Dan-Eagle

The CROSS in the Wilderness

The Tabernacle is a picture of God’s Throne.  When we get to Ezekiel we get a glimpse of God’s actual throne.  There were 4 creatures surrounding God:

Ezekiel 1:10 Their faces looked like this: Each of the four had the face of a human being, and on the right side each had the face of a lion, and on the left the face of an ox; each also had the face of an eagle. 11 Such were their faces

.Ezekiel 1-A Strange God - Starr Presbyterian Church

Click here if you want to read the whole chapter

THEN The Throne of Judgement is shown to John in Revelation 4:

In the center, around the throne, were four living creatures, and they were covered with eyes, in front and in back. The first living creature was like a lion, the second was like an ox, the third had a face like a man, the fourth was like a flying eagle.

I Was Watching the Living Creatures” — Watchtower ONLINE LIBRARY

Click here if you want to read the whole chapter

If you are confused let me know.  That’s a lot.  If you are not confused, and your head did not just explode, then I don’t know if we can be friends. 😂

OK, if that did not move you, let’s try one more.  There are 4 Gospels.  Each one illustrated Jesus as a different characteristic:

  • Matthew-as King-Lion
  • Mark- as Servant-Ox
  • Luke-his humanity-Man
  • John-his divinity-Eagle

OK, I am done trying to explode your head.  This whole revelation is new to me today and I am on fire from it.  I never knew!  I was always in awe of just the view from God’s perspective looking down on Earth and seeing a Cross…but…this is a whole new concept for me.🤓

(I will pop these pictures into the Printables section up top in case you want them) Click here if you want to print now.

34 So the Israelites did everything the Lord commanded Moses; that is the way they encamped under their standards, and that is the way they set out, each of them with their clan and family.

And you thought a census would be boring!

Numbers Overview for tomorrow.

If you totally fell behind and missed Leviticus and feel like you just can’t move forward without it:  Just click here and you will be all caught up.

Let’s look at the timeline.  We begin tomorrow at 1444 BC.  First Census.  As the cloud of smoke and the pillar of fire lift, God will use it to direct His people towards the land that was promised to Abraham.

Pillar of Clouds and Fire, kids - Google Search

The map below shows our starting point.  Mt. Horeb (Mt. Sinai).

Image result for The book of Numbers timeline

The Hebrew title of this book is “Bemidbar”-In the Wilderness.   As noted earlier, when the book was translated (Septuagint) the English title became Numbers because the book begins with a census.  However, if you looked at the timeline you will notice there is a second census.

This book begins right where Leviticus ended, at the base of Mount Sinai.  The Law has been given, the tabernacle has been built, the priests have their jobs, and we are ready to go forward to the land flowing with milk and honey, the land that was promised to them by God himself.  He now wants them (us) to trust in Him.  Why wouldn’t they?  Sounds so easy.  So as we move forward we are going to be so tempted to say:

“What is wrong with these people??”

When you are tempted to say that (like me), that’s where your own application will take place.  What is God saying to you??

Our first 2 chapters will begin with a census and how the tribes will be arranged.  Let’s get a visual:  A football stadium holds about 70,000people.Tennessee Titans' Nissan Stadium goes blue for COVID-19 workers

600,000 fighting men will be recorded,  now add women and children: about 2 million people.  God is organizing 28 stadiums to walk perfectly to the Promised Land. (I struggle walking a class to the cafeteria in a straight line) 😂

They are organizing and will travel about 220 miles to Kadesh Barnea.  The journey would take 11 days.  However, it will take 40 years to get to the destination instead.   YOU know you are going to find personal application in this book.

Some of the chapters might be “listen to it while driving to work” BUT there will be some cool gems to pull out even in the boring chapters.  However, Numbers is also filled with:

  • the Nazarite Vow (which will explain the Samson hair issue later)
  • reread of the tabernacle for those who jumped in and may have missed it
  • lots of meat to eat! (quail)
  • Miriam and Aaron will make you angry
  • a rebellion
  • lots of complaining
  • another rebellion
  • Numbers 20!  The day I threw my Bible away the first time I read it!
  • The bronze snake
  • the talking donkey (just like from Shrek)
  • a plan of seduction
  • a second census
  • Joshua
  • an explanation why 2 1/2 tribes will get land on the east side of the Jordan River one day
  • and where the priests will live in the Promised land

Numbers will take us 2 weeks to read.  If you miss the wrong day you might miss something good so make sure you have 15 minutes carved out to get your reading in.

Leviticus 26-27 The End!!

When I read Chapter 26 I honestly thought to myself-“Well, if someone wanted to know what the rest of the Old Testament is going to say, they can just read this chapter and be done.  Do you think the rest of the Testament will be 1-13 or 14-39??

  1. “‘Do not make idols or set up an image or a sacred stone for yourselves, and do not place a carved stone in your land to bow down before it. I am the Lord your God.
  2. “‘Observe my Sabbaths and have reverence for my sanctuary. I am the Lord.

‘If you follow my decrees and are careful to obey my commands,  I WILL :  (the Lord speaking)

  •  send you rain …. and you will eat all the food you want and live in safety in your land.
  • I will grant peace in the land…
  • You will pursue your enemies, and they will fall by the sword before you
  • I will look on you with favor and make you fruitful and increase your numbers…
  • I will put my dwelling place among you, and I will not abhor you
  • I will walk among you and be your God, and you will be my people.

Well, that would be AWESOME!  Alls (most of you don’t know I have a Jersey accent).  Alls they have to do is follow his commands!  Easy Peasy.

“‘But if you will not listen to me and carry out all these commands,

‘If’ occurs nine times and it has to do with the conditions on which they occupy the land. God says ‘I will’ twenty-four times. God will act and react according to their response to the ‘if.’  Verse 14 starts with “BUT if you will not listen to me….”

  • 14 ‘But if you will not listen to me and carry out all these commands, 15 and if you reject my decrees and abhor my laws and fail to carry out all my commands and so violate my covenant, 16 then I will …
  • 18 “‘If after all this you will not listen to me, I will…
  • 21 “‘If you remain hostile toward me and refuse to listen to me, I will…
  • 23 “‘If in spite of these things you do not accept my correction but continue to be hostile toward me,  I myself will…
  • 27 “‘If in spite of this you still do not listen to me but continue to be hostile toward me, then in my anger I will…
  • 36 “‘As for those of you who are left I will…

SO when you read today the “…” you may have thought “Oh My”.

  • Oh My, those are bad!
  • Oh My,  God sounds like He will be patient with them over and over and over again.

Sadly, each “…” happens!!  I know what you are thinking….NO WAY!  Well, YES WAY!  They will get diseases, suffer famines, be defeated, and become cannibals (yup, look at verse 29), not just once but TWICE they will eat their own children.

Yesterday we talked about the Sabbath Year.  God instructs them to rest the land every 7th year.  They of course “do their own thing” and ignore that. (It’s like when we hear a sermon at church and then forget the message by the parking lot):

33 I will scatter you among the nations (the Captivity will be a HUGE part of our Old Testament Reading, so if you don’t know what it is….you will!) and will draw out my sword and pursue you. Your land will be laid waste, and your cities will lie in ruins. 34 Then the land will enjoy its sabbath years all the time that it lies desolate and you are in the country of your enemies; then the land will rest and enjoy its sabbaths. 35 All the time that it lies desolate, the land will have the rest it did not have during the sabbaths you lived in it.

Trivia: How long will the captivity be to rest the land?

But God IS Love❤️ so how did this section end.  WITH LOVE❤️. I say that because too often you will have to defend that God is not a God of wrath in the OT.  He is slow to anger!  The OT shows it best.

44 Yet in spite of this, when they are in the land of their enemies, I will not reject them or abhor them so as to destroy them completely, breaking my covenant with them. I am the Lord their God. 45 But for their sake I will remember the covenant with their ancestors whom I brought out of Egypt in the sight of the nations to be their God. I am the Lord.’”  ❤️

He NEVER breaks an Unconditional Covenant.  NEVER.  So be confident in the Cross.


I will let you tackle the last chapter without me.  You got this.


We have read 3 books of the Bible (well 4, don’t forget Job) and it feels like so much more!

  • We read WHO God is to be worshipped.
  • We read HOW to worship Him
  • Next is WHERE to worship Him.

Tonight I will post an overview of the next book: Numbers.  If you know someone who has fallen off the reading, encourage them to pick it back up tomorrow.  The book after this is Deuteronomy…the whole story will be retold (so they won’t be missing a thing)

 

Leviticus 24-25

The connection of these instructions is to show that they were to worship and serve Him every day of the year, not just on appointed days. The daily burning of the lamps and the showbread represented the daily sanctification of the people to their God.  These “lamps,” which were “on the pure gold lampstand” in the holy place, burned “continually” throughout the night, and the priests refilled them daily.

How beautiful is it that each piece of furniture represents Christ and the layout foreshadows the Cross?

Image result for tabernacle shaped like a cross


Blasphemer out to death:: This was like a ball out of left field.  I mean,  we are sitting here reading about Atonement and Sacrifices, and then all of a sudden BAM we are stoning a Blasphemer.  Blasphemy means:” a speaking ill, impious speech, slander,” to speak evil of.”  This event was a warning to the people of the seriousness of sanctification, just as the death of Nadab and Abihu was a similar warning to the priests. The “Name” referred to as “Yahweh,” the name by which God manifested.

The legal principle of limiting retaliation to retribution  (an eye for an eye) is called the “law of retaliation”.  In ancient Near Eastern culture, people commonly took excessive revenge.  God limited the amount of retaliation that His people could take. Before the Mosaic Law, “the code of Hammurabi”, the property was often considered more important than people; property offenses such as theft were capital crimes.  In Israelite law, sins against the family and religion were most serious.


Chapter 25 concludes the laws that God gave the Israelites on Mt. Sinai. God owned both the Israelites and the land He was giving them. God taught them that He had authority over their space as well as their time and their lives. The land they were to possess belonged to God, just as they did. Therefore they were to deal with it as He specified. The laws in this chapter, which deal with the Sabbatical and Jubilee Years, focus on the restoration of the land to fruitfulness after periods of use. These laws,  are positive, designed for the welfare of the Israelites. In fact, all of God’s laws are for the welfare of His people

Sabbatical Year: As God ordered the people to rest every seventh day, so He ordered them to let the land rest every seventh year. By resting, the people renewed their strength and rejuvenated their productivity in His service. Just like a Sabbath day.

Did the Israelites abide by the law of the Sabbatical year?  Nope!   So God did it for them.  If you have read through the Old Testament before, you know what is coming…they will be given the Promised Land….and it will also be taken away from them (The Captivity).   (If you have no idea what I am talking about it is OK…you will).  What happens to the Promised Land?

2 Chronicles 36:20.  He carried into exile to Babylon the remnant, who escaped from the sword, and they became servants to him and his successors until the kingdom of Persia came to power. 21 The land enjoyed its sabbath rests; all the time of its desolation it rested, until the seventy years were completed in fulfillment of the word of the Lord spoken by Jeremiah.

They were taken out of the land for 70 years…making up for ALL the Sabbath Year commandments the Israelites had ignored. 


The Year of Jubilee (such a fun word to say “Jubilee”)-   The word “jubilee”—literally, “ram’s horn” in Hebrew—is defined as the sabbatical year after seven cycles of seven years (49 years). The fiftieth year was to be a time of celebration and rejoicing for the Israelites. The ram’s horn was blown on the tenth day of the seventh month to start the fiftieth year of universal redemption

.The Year of the Jubilee involved a year of release from indebtedness and all types of bondage.  All prisoners and captives were set free, all slaves were released, all debts were forgiven, and all property was returned to its original owners.  One of the benefits of the Jubilee was that both the land and the people were able to rest.

The Jubilee presents a beautiful picture of the New Testament themes of redemption and forgiveness. Christ is the Redeemer who came to set free those who are slaves and prisoners to sin

When you were dead in your sins and in the uncircumcision of your flesh, God made you alive with Christ. He forgave us all our sins, 14 having canceled the charge of our legal indebtedness, which stood against us and condemned us; he has taken it away, nailing it to the cross”. -Colossians 2:13


Tomorrow is our LAST day in Leviticus.  You made it! 😁

Leviticus 22-23

Chapter 22 continued from 21 (why do they do that??)

Years ago at Church, our pastor told a story about a woman who had an old frozen turkey in her freezer.  She called the 800 number on the package and asked the company if the turkey was still safe to eat.  The company said it was safe to eat but probably wouldn’t taste great anymore being freezer burned.  So she donated it to a food bank for less fortunate people (in her heart she was doing something good).    I remember sitting in church crushed when I heard this.  I was the characteristic of the woman.  When a tragedy happens locally and we are asked to help out, I would go through my “gently used” items that I did not wear anymore.  What??  God gave us His son as a sacrifice! and I am giving back to God my ‘goodwill’ pile?  I am not telling you this to beat you up, but I wanted to share how the Holy Spirit uses books like Leviticus to remind me that we are to present our very best in the name of the Lord (in everything we do).

Chapter 23:  Here are 3 visuals.  Pick the one that fits your brain. 😂


JP 3-2-16 img2


The Israelites observed a lunar year, which contains 354 days. Lunar months have 29 and 30 days alternately, and begin with the appearance of the “new moon.”

Sabbath: a weekly observance (“appointed time”), in contrast to the other “convocations” that occurred only once a year. The Israelites did not assemble around the tabernacle but observed the day in their own tent.

Mark 2:27-28  Then he said to them, the Sabbath was made for man, not man for the Sabbath. 28 So the Son of Man is Lord even of the Sabbath.”

Passover and Unleavened Bread:  Verse 4 introduces the annual “appointed times”.  The Sabbath could be observed anywhere,  even at home. Three special occasions required attendance at the sanctuary for participation.  Passover: commemorated God’s deliverance of Israel from Egyptian slavery. (Exodus 12)  Jesus died as the Lamb ON Passover Day.  That is AMAZING! Passover was one of the three feasts that all the adult males in Israel had to attend, along with the feasts of Pentecost and Tabernacles.  These three feasts remind us of the death of Christ, the resurrection of Christ, and the return of Christ.

Unleavened Bread: The day after the Passover marked the beginning of the seven-day “Feast of Unleavened Bread”.


If you have read a Gospel book ( I never make an assumption…there was a time I would have said “Uhh nope”.  But picture in your head the Feast of the Passover.  Large crowds.  As they all assemble from nations, Jesus dies on the Cross in front of a multitude of people.   THEN because of the 7 day Feast of the Unleavened Bread, they will STILL be in town for the resurrection.  God has it ALL planned out (for His Glory)


Offering the first fruits: The day following Passover’s Sabbath was a time to give the first fruits of the harvest to God. The idea was to dedicate the first ripened stalks of grain to God, in anticipation of a greater harvest to come.  Firstfruits Patricia…not your goodwill pile!

The Festival if Weeks: This festival had several names: “Harvest,” “Weeks”, “Firstfruits,” and “Pentecost”. Fifty days after Passover, namely: the day after the end of the seventh week. “Pentecost” means “fiftieth” day. This “feast” was a thanksgiving festival, and it lasted one day. The people offered God their “first fruits” of the spring harvest, as a thanks offering for His provision of their physical and spiritual needs.  PLEASE see how awesome God is.  So in this difficult book of Leviticus are some of the coolest gems!!  God put a festival on the calendar that required “public assembly” so many people from all over the world (for first-time readers know that after being exiled out of their land God scatters His people…with a purpose) would be required to gather SO THAT 50 days after the Passover people from many countries would be gathered to witness the pouring out of the Holy Spirit and then return to their homes and spread the Good News!!

Drop Mic!! 🎤

Before we go any further…are you seeing the 7’s.   This whole book was filled with them, even the various laws were grouped by 7 or 7×2 or 7×3.. BUT this one is too cool not to point out. During the seventh month of Israel’s religious calendar, three “holy convocations” took place. Not only was the seventh day special (v. 3), but so were the seventh week (vv. 15-22), the seventh month, the seventh year (25:1-7), and the forty-ninth (seven times seven) year (25:8-55).


The festival of Trumpets: The Feast of Trumpets began on the first day (at the new moon) of the seventh month. It is also called Rosh Hashanah, which means “Head of the Year,” because it marks the beginning of the Jewish civil calendar. During this celebration, no kind of work was to be performed, but burnt offerings and a sin offering were to be brought before the Lord.   The blowing of the trumpets on the first day of the month heralded a solemn time of preparation for the Day of Atonement; this preparation time was called “Ten Days of Repentance” or the “Days of Awe.”

Day of Atonement.  We covered this, but if you are jumping in go back to Ch 16.  But take a look at the charts and see how this is will be fulfilled. This day will be the Second Coming of Christ.

 The Festival of Tabernacles: During this convocation, the Israelites’ looked back to the land of their slavery, and forward to the Promised Land of blessing. Its other names were the “Feast of Booths” and the “Feast of Ingathering”.   The Jewish people call it Sukkot. The people built booths out of branches, and lived under these for the duration of this eight-day festival, as a reminder of their life in the wilderness.  It was the only festival in which God commanded the Israelites to “rejoice,” and it revolved around the harvest of grapes and other agriculture. God designed this feast primarily as a time of anticipation, not just reflection. Similarly, our worship as Christians should include the element of anticipation, as we look forward to entering into all of what God has promised us in the future.  (Look at your chart)

Spoiler Alert:  You would think they would obverse these Festivals right??  If you have the time,  read Nehemiah 8.  

The cliff notes are:

  • Nehemiah has the Book of the Law in his hands. 
  • He reads this chapter to the Israelites. 
  • The WEEP because it was new news to them! 
  • Nehemiah 8:17- The whole company that had returned from exile built temporary shelters and lived in them. From the days of Joshua son of Nun until that day, the Israelites had not celebrated it like this. And their joy was very great.
  • ☹️

Leviticus does not mention the “Feast of Purim”, which the Jewish people added to their calendar later (Esther) and the  “Feast of Dedication” (Hanukkah).  I cannot wait to talk about those!

Leviticus 19-21

“You shall be holy, for I the Lord your God am holy.” 

As you begin to read I think you might say “Hey, these all fit into one of the 10 commandments”.

The first and last sections deal with a person’s relationship to God ( 3-8, 32-36), and the second and fourth with one’s relationship with others (9-18, 30- 31). The central section deals with man’s relationship to himself (19-29).  I once took a study on ” chiastics” to find patterns like this and it wasn’t for me (I never went past the first class,  I would rather be getting cavities filled) Did I just say that out loud?

As I read them in my Bible I tried to mark which of the 10 commandments it matched with. 

All of chapter 19 is important, and if this is your first time reading the Bible, look forward to your second time…because you will see things like 19:9 about leaving the edge of your field and say “Ohhhh that’s what Ruth was doing!”  HOWEVER, which command in all of Chapter 19 was the one most quoted by Jesus? (If your Bible has cross-references in the margin, you should see it immediately.  Write your guess in the comments.


Let’s talk about the elephant in the room.

Image result for leviticus 19 tattoo

If you are looking for a black and white answer on whether it is ok to get a tattoo, you are not going to get one from me.  That’s your decision.   I find it funny that very few Americans read a Bible BUT most of us know a scripture in Leviticus.  People’s take on it varies:

  • We are not under the law anymore, we’re under grace.
  • This passage speaks of an ancient pagan Egyptian practice and not to modern tattooing practices.
  • It’s okay if your tattoo honors the Lord, etc.

If this is your first read-through take note of the end of the first section, it will explain WHY these commands are stated.  I know you read some of them and said “They need to be told not to do that??  I thought it was obvious!

Chapter 20:22 “‘Keep all my decrees and laws and follow them, so that the land where I am bringing you to live may not vomit you out. 23 You must not live according to the customs of the nations I am going to drive out before you. Because they did all these things, I abhorred them. 24 But I said to you, “You will possess their land; I will give it to you as an inheritance, a land flowing with milk and honey.” I am the Lord your God, who has set you apart from the nations.

If this is a repeat read through did you notice how many of these the Israelites will ignore??  I was reading it and thinking…yup they ignored that one too!  SMH!  Wait…I ignore some of them as well…not the gross ones though. I promise.


Chapter 21 (continued tomorrow into Chapter 22) Rules for Priests:

These chapters tell us what the priest:

  • must not do
  • must not be
  • must not offer

More importantly, they are to be set apart, Holy.  They are to properly represent God.  Always look for Jesus on every page.  Jesus completely fulfills all of the Tabernacle rituals so that we, as believers become His Priesthood.

1 Peter 2:

As you come to him, the living Stone—rejected by humans but chosen by God and precious to him— you also, like living stones, are being built into a spiritual house  to be a holy priesthood, offering spiritual sacrifices acceptable to God through Jesus Christ.


Are you behind? Watch this. 😁

It’s weird how sometimes the more free time we have, we actually get behind.  Hashtag true story.  If you are behind, I made this for you:

If you get confused because you skipped a book you can refer to the printables. I added some today under ‘Leviticus’.

 

Leviticus 16-18

In Geneses 3 we began talking about Atonement.  The covering of sin only God makes through a substitute, a sacrifice.  God appointed a yearly sacrifice to cleanse all the sins and impurities, not covered by the other sacrifices, that the Israelites committed ignorantly.    Stop where you are and read Hebrews 9.  Click here if you are not near a Bible.

How do people read the New Testament without the Old Testament??

The Day of Atonement took place six months after the Passover. These two festivals were half a year apart.   As for modern-day applications for Jewish people, it is called Yom Kippur.  For Christians, it is one of the 3 Feasts not fulfilled yet.

Feasts-BgImage result for jesus fulfillment of the feasts chart

Moses received instructions regarding the Day of Atonement, immediately after the judgment of Nadab and Abihu.  The high priest had to make elaborate preparations for entering the Holy of Holies, by cleansing himself both spiritually and physically. The offerings he made were a bull as a “sin offering” and a ram as a “burnt offering,” both to cover his own sins (He is a foreshadow of our High Priest-Jesus, but until then we all need atonement, even the High Priest)

If you watched the video at the top you may have picked up on the garments.  Did you expect him to be wearing this?

Image result for exodus 28

On the Day of Atonement, the High Priest wore white linen, like the servants of the day wore.  Why?  He comes as a servant!   (Mark 10:45 For even the Son of Man did not come to be served, but to serve, and to give his life as a ransom for many.”)

Image result for priest on the day of atonement

Then he “cast lots” (like rolling dice so the Lord made the decision, not the priest) to decide which of the “two goats” would die as a sin offering for the people, and which one would be sent as “the scapegoat” (the guilt of the sin) into the wilderness.  The sacrificed goat perished and the scapegoat took away the impurities and sins to the wilderness. The sacrificed goat is a picture of Jesus, the scapegoat frees us from the guilt of our sins.

(Now the only problem was that this goat sometimes wandered back into the Israelites’ camp, which nobody wanted to see because it was like having their sins come back on them. Supposedly, the person who led the goat into the wilderness often took the goat to a cliff and pushed it off. —the guilt never showed up again. 😂


Leviticus Chapters 17—26 is called the Holiness Code.

“Be Holy because I am Holy

“Holy is stated 52 times.  This section begins with people sacrificing to “goat idols,” which is similar to the golden calf incident in Exod. 32. The high priest was responsible for the golden calf apostasy, but the Israelites were personally responsible for the goat idol worship here.

The “goat idol” was a “god” that the Egyptians and other ancient Near Easterners worshiped. It was supposedly responsible for the fertility of the people, their herds, and their crops.  I am not going to go into details but people wonder why it specifically states not to have sex with animals…these were pagan rituals they brought with them from Egypt and existed in Canaan where they are headed.  These poor goats!


“Blood” is life.

Since God forbade “eating blood” way before the Law given to Moses (Genesis 9:4), people today should also refrain from eating it (I am not talking about Outback Steakhouse).  In Moses day, the pagans superstitiously linked blood consumption with acquiring divine powers (who saw the “eating of the heart” episode on G.O.T.?)  Same concept.

Image result for game of thrones eating the heart

The faithful worshiper of the living God must preserve the
sanctity of sacrificial blood, recognizing that life (signified by
blood) belongs to God.”


CHAPTER 18. Chapter 18 has bookends.

 Begins with:  1-5  The Lord said to Moses, “Speak to the Israelites and say to them: ‘I am the Lord your God. You must not do as they do in Egypt, where you used to live, and you must not do as they do in the land of Canaan, where I am bringing you. Do not follow their practices. You must obey my laws and be careful to follow my decrees. I am the Lord your God. Keep my decrees and laws, for the person who obeys them will live by them. I am the Lord.

Ends with: 30: Keep my requirements and do not follow any of the detestable customs that were practiced before you came and do not defile yourselves with them. I am the Lord your God.’”

The Israelites moved from one idolatrous county and are heading to the next.  The culture of these nations was worldly desires as well as idol worship.  Speaking of, is anyone watching this season of American Idol?  So much talent this year!

I don’t think you will need help understanding most of these commands but I want to point out one. And NO I am not going to make any jokes about the state of Kentucky forgot to read chapter 18 😂

I know we read of these in shock like 18:23 BUT know that all of these adulterous acts were done when this was said…and unfortunately will be repeated.

18:21 the Molek or Molech (depending on your version).  Moloch was a statue with the head of a bull and arms out-stretched as a representation of him receiving the children being sacrificed. “Molech was a Canaanite god (actually translated ‘king’, often represented by a bronze image with a bull’s head and outstretched arms. The idol was usually hollow, and workers would build a fire in it.   The statue would get red hot from the fire.  When the arms changed colors from the heat (red), the pagans would lay their infant on the arms as an offering to their gods.  We have also uncovered documents that they would just put the baby into the fire (like a hot furnace)

.Image result for molech old testament

As we get deeper into the Bible, we can put  Baal, Ashtoreth, and Molech all in the same category.  I am often amazed that even as pagans we are are built with an innate natural instinct to know deep inside us that “someone” must be sacrificed…sad they missed this one for a Jesus.

Leviticus 14-15

2 chapters.

If you don’t feel like reading this post (it is long), let me put the conclusion at the top:

What is that passage talking about? God is Holy. He is the all-knowing, all-present, creator of the Universe.  Those who are covered in sin, who are contaminated by the fall, cannot enjoy fellowship with God without repentance and being declared clean (not sinless). They cannot enjoy the blessing of the presence of God, and so, what has to happen? They have to be declared clean. By who? 😁


Matthew 8- “When Jesus came down from the mountainside, large crowds followed him. A man with leprosy  came and knelt before him and said, “Lord, if you are willing, you can make me clean.”  Jesus reached out his hand and touched the man. “I am willing,” he said. “Be clean!” Immediately he was cleansed of his leprosy. Then Jesus said to him, “See that you don’t tell anyone. But go, show yourself to the priest and offer the gift Moses commanded, as a testimony to them.”


We need to consider a few things when we read:

  • This tabernacle is portable.  Why? Because it is the blueprint for the Temple, where God will dwell.  Canaan (The Promise Land) is the destination on the GPS (pillar of fire and the cloud will navigate that).  This is a pagan land, (like a modern-day High School 😂)  filled with pagan rituals that include blood, sacrifices,  and sex.  God will need to set His people apart.
  • Leprosy and other skin diseases were often synonyms for Sin.  From the surface of the skin (rashes), to our deepest self (discharge that leaks out).  It will all be seen by the High Priest.
  • Hygiene- still related to sin.  It can be contagious! Who you keep close will either contaminate you or you will infect them.  You can make an application to these chapters.
  • The cleaning of items in the house.  What is the contaminate in your home that breeds sin?

Now the geeky part of the blog:

I am including chapter 13 in this post since I really didn’t address it yesterday, but self-reflect for your own application.  This section of Leviticus talks about  four things:

  1. symptoms
  2. the priestly inspection
  3. the basis of the priest’s diagnosis
  4. the diagnosis itself and the consequences

The priest had the responsibility of distinguishing between the clean and the unclean, plus they had to teach the people the difference.  Leprosy as representing sin resulted in the leper’s separation both from God and from other people. In many respects, leprosy and sin were similar in both their character and consequences.

The priests were the public health officers, but they served in their priestly capacity.  Israel was a holy nation, and even her cleansing from sickness was done with a religious ceremony. Sickness was symbolic of sin, and even now it should not be forgotten that sickness and death are part of God’s curse on the sin of Adam.

Jesus meets them AS the sinner.  Then who makes the sacrifice, clothes them,  and washes them clean? The PRIEST. (Jesus)

Listen, I know this was a hard read but there are some really cool details.  Let’s break down one part so you can see how it all comes together: Ch 14-

  • 3 The priest is to go outside the camp and examine them. (meets them as the sinner)
  • scarlet yarn and hyssop be brought for the person to be cleansed.
    • The scarlet thread you get by now…but why Hyssop?  It was symbolic of the Passover (the blood was applied with Hyssop the night death would pass over them)
        • Exodus 23 21 Then Moses summoned all the elders of Israel and said to them, “Go at once and select the animals for your families and slaughter the Passover lamb. 22 Take a bunch of hyssop, dip it into the blood in the basin and put some of the blood on the top and on both sides of the doorframe. None of you shall go out of the door of your house until morning. 23 When the Lord goes through the land to strike down the Egyptians, he will see the blood on the top and sides of the doorframe and will pass over that doorway, and he will not permit the destroyer to enter your houses and strike you down.
  • 7 Seven times he shall sprinkle the one to be cleansed of the defiling disease, and then pronounce them clean. (Seven means completely)
  • “The person to be cleansed must wash their clothes, shave off all their hair and bathe with water; then they will be ceremonially clean.
      • Ephesians 4:22 You were taught, with regard to your former way of life, to put off your old self, which is being corrupted by its deceitful desires; 23 to be made new in the attitude of your minds; 24 and to put on the new self, created to be like God in true righteousness and holiness.
  • After this they may come into the camp…They must wash their clothes and bathe themselves with water, and they will be clean.
      • Galatians 3: 26 So in Christ Jesus you are all children of God through faith, 27 for all of you who were baptized into Christ have clothed yourselves with Christ.

Ready??  This is so cool!

  • 10 “On the eighth day….grain offering, and one log of oil. 
  • 12 “Then the priest is to take one of the male lambs and offer it as a guilt offering… as a wave offering.
  • 13 He is to slaughter the lamb in the sanctuary area where the sin offering and the burnt offering are slaughtered. Like the sin offering, the guilt offering belongs to the priest; it is most holy.  (The two required sacrifices)
  • 18 … the priest shall put on the head of the one to be cleansed and make atonement for them before the Lord.
  •  20 …and make atonement for them, and they will be clean.

If you look at these Chapters from God’s view, you can see He sees the obvious outward sin that even others can see (portrayed by our skin), in our home- mold (the things we watch, see, and participate in) and then the private “no one can see but me sin” (discharge).  If you took the time (if you have the stomach for it 🤮) you would see that some of the bodily discharge cleansings required a sin offering and some did not.  Remember they will be entering a land of pagan worship…some of their rituals will be promiscuous acts with each other as well as with animals.  I kid you not.  You can’t make this stuff up.  There will be infection and STDs.


For the “Marinated in Jesus for years” reader 😂 : I leave you with this to read: Hebrews 10:19ff

19 Therefore, brothers and sisters, since we have the confidence to enter the Most Holy Place by the blood of Jesus, 20 by a new and living way opened for us through the curtain, that is, his body, 21 and since we have a great priest over the house of God, 22 let us draw near to God with a sincere heart and with the full assurance that faith brings, having our hearts sprinkled to cleanse us from a guilty conscience and having our bodies washed with pure water…

26 If we deliberately keep on sinning after we have received the knowledge of the truth, no sacrifice for sins is left, 27 but only a fearful expectation of judgment and of raging fire that will consume the enemies of God. 28 Anyone who rejected the law of Moses died without mercy on the testimony of two or three witnesses. 29 How much more severely do you think someone deserves to be punished who has trampled the Son of God underfoot, who has treated as an unholy thing the blood of the covenant that sanctified them, and who has insulted the Spirit of grace?

Close your eyes now and sit quietly.  Click here.